Garden plants you must prune in winter to encourage a ‘vigorous display of flowers’

Pruning aims to help dead, diseased or damaged branches to help stimulate new growth and production.

Garden plants are pruned at different times of the year and getting this right is crucial otherwise it could lead to issues.


Forsythia is a gorgeous garden that blooms by springtime, making it a great plant to prune during winter.

Maryam Ghani, brand manager at Haute Florist, said the best time to prune this plant is during late winter and early spring, ideally in February to March.

The expert explained: “Pruning during this period allows the forsythia to channel its energy into producing new growth and ensures a robust bloom in the coming season.

“It’s crucial to prune before the buds begin to swell as this promotes a fuller and more vigorous display of flowers.”

The pro recommended focusing on removing older, thicker stems at ground level to prune this plant correctly.

She added: “This method stimulates the growth of fresh, young branches and contributes to a fuller, healthier appearance.

“By strategically choosing which stems to prune, gardeners can encourage the rejuvenation of the forsythia for a more robust and aesthetically pleasing display.”

Fruit bushes

Fruit bushes, including blueberries and blackcurrants, as well as gooseberries and redcurrants can be pruned in winter.

The Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) recommended pruning throughout February to help ensure “bountiful” results.

Free-standing apple and pear trees should also be pruned every winter to keep them producing fruit.

The RHS said: “Start by removing any dead, diseased and damaged shoots and branches, then carry out the following steps.

“Remove crossing shoots that are rubbing together. Keep the better-placed, outward-facing one, unless it is badly damaged.

“Prune out strong shoots growing towards the centre. You can leave weaker shoots unpruned. Look for any downward-growing branches low on the

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Garden plants to prune in November for ‘fresh vigorous growth’, claims expert

Pruning is an essential gardening job to carry out at most times of the year to achieve a healthy and productive garden, in fact, it’s one of the best things households can do for their trees and shrubs. 

Cutting back certain plants at particular times of the year can encourage flowering, help define shape, control growth, and even reduce the risk of infection.

Tom Su, garden and landscaping expert and the owner of Lawn Edging, has detailed five plants to prune this month and how to go about pruning them.

1. Fruit trees

Many, like apples and pears, “benefit” from a winter prune. To prune fruit tries, cut out any dead, diseased, or crossing branches. 

Tom claimed that gardeners “will need” pruning shears for smaller branches, loppers for bigger ones, and a pruning saw for large limbs. 

Start by removing any dead, diseased, or damaged wood. Next, look out for branches that cross each other or seem to be growing inward. 

The aim is to open up the centre for better airflow and light penetration. The expert instructed: “Always make cuts just above a bud that’s facing the direction you want the next branch to grow.”

2. Gooseberry and currant bushes

These fruit in summer on old wood, so remove very old stems to “make way for younger ones”. 

Speaking from experience, Tom claimed: “Keeping the young, vigorous branches gave me a bounty of gooseberries for pies. Look for old, darker wood – that’s what you want to remove and keep the vibrant and young stems.”

Gardeners need to ensure they cut close to the ground or main stem, avoiding leaving stubs.

3. Roses

When it comes to roses, the shrub and climbing types especially need pruning. The expert explained: “You need to prune them to prevent

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