What the USDA’s new plant hardiness map means for your garden

At last. Finally, there’s an updated official government resource out there that gardeners all across the land can blame for any failed planting efforts.

OK, maybe not for all failed plantings, but at least there’s one more arrow in the gardener’s quiver to help us all be a bit more successful in our efforts.

After many years of analyzing gigantic reams of meteorological data, consulting the weather rock on the front lawn of the USDA building in Beltsville, Maryland and dusting off the official government-issued Ouija board, our friends at the United States Department of Agriculture have issued a long-awaited update to the cold hardiness zone map.

If you’re not familiar with the map, it is a graphic representation of the United States broken into 26 zones based on average annual minimum temperature. For decades, this map has been used by gardeners to determine what plants might have a chance and which selections don’t have a prayer in any particular patch of US dirt. It’s become an industry standard that makes gardening feel a bit less like you’re staring down the barrel of Dirty Harry’s 44 magnum ― “Do you feel lucky, Punk?”

What is the USDA cold hardiness zone map?

Snow covers flowers near the Dubuque Arboretum and Botanical Garden Saturday, April 27, 2019 in Dubuque, Iowa.

A little history. Since the dawn of time, gardeners have asked a simple question, “will that grow here?” And for just as long, the most common answer was probably, “I dunno. Give it a try . . .” Then, back in the 1920s, an enterprising group at Harvard University’s Arnold Arboretum decided to create a map that would at least help out on the winter survival part of that age-old question. They mapped out zones across the US to give gardeners some idea of how cold it generally gets during a typical winter. And over time gardeners

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Surabaya Mangrove Botanical Garden Operates

The following article was translated using both Microsoft Azure Open AI and Google Translation AI.


A photo spot in the Mangrove Ecotourism of Medokan Sawah and Gunung Anyar, Surabaya City, East Java, covering an area of ​​27 hectares, on Sunday (26/7/2020). This area is increasingly visited by residents, whether just cycling or sightseeing in the area which has almost all kinds of properties, including toys, photo spots, bridges, and accessories, including flower vases made from used items. Visitors can also enjoy duck boat rides by paying with mangrove seedlings, which are purchased from local farmers on site.

SURABAYA, KOMPAS – The Mangrove Botanical Garden in Surabaya, East Java, was officially opened on Wednesday (26/7/2023). This first botanical garden in Indonesia that covers three mangrove areas on the East Coast of Surabaya, or Pamurbaya, spans 27 hectares.

According to Surabaya Mayor Eri Cahyadi, the inauguration will be carried out by former President Megawati Soekarnoputri. Megawati, the daughter of Indonesia’s Proclamation Maker Soekarno, is also the Chairman of the Indonesian Botanical Gardens Foundation (YKRI) and the Chairman of the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) Advisory Board.

Also read: The World’s First Mangrove Botanical Garden Will Be Built

Exploring the Wonorejo mangrove forest.

Exploring the Wonorejo mangrove forest.

Eri continued, the inauguration of the Surabaya Mangrove Botanical Garden (KRMS) in conjunction with Mangrove Day. The commemoration is held every July 26th since adopted by the UNESCO General Conference in 2015 under the name International Day for the Conservation of the Mangrove Ecosystem or international mangrove ecosystem conservation day.

After the inauguration, it can be utilized by the general public with tickets required for visitors. (Eri Cahyadi)

KRMS covers three areas, namely Mangrove Wonorejo, Mangrove Medokan Sawah, and Mangrove Gunung Anyar. In the three remaining mangrove areas in Pamurbaya, especially in Wonorejo, there have

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South Texas Botanical Garden prioritizes conservation of exotic animals, plants

The South Texas Botanical Gardens and Nature Center is where Coastal Bend residents expect to see many animals and plants, but many people don’t know how they got there.

Michael Womack is the executive director of The South Texas Botanical Gardens. He said over the years, the garden has achieved several significant milestones, from establishing educational programs to hosting captivating exhibits of exotic animals where visitors can immerse themselves a symphony of colors and scents.

“We have a combination of traditional garden spaces and exhibits, as well as our nature trails,” Womack said. “To bend in with that, we’ve added our butterfly house, our tropical parrot ambassadors and reptile animal ambassadors as well.”

Womack said the South Texas Botanical Garden and Nature Center has a rich and storied history that dates to 1983.

It all began with a group of dedicated people who had a passion for promoting environmental awareness in a growing city.

“In 1983, we had a group of citizens who said, ‘we need a botanical garden because we are an important city, people need to learn about the plants that are here, both the native plants and the plants we can grow,’ so that’s how we started as a grass roots organization,” he said.

Womack said that they have to be extremely selective with the animals that they bring into The South Texas Botanical Gardens and Nature Center because of the of the level of animals that they have.

“We’re at a point that we have to be very selective now in what we do,” he said. “If we can’t accept an animal ambassador, we try to help those families find a suitable home or rescue for them.”

The botanical garden is open seven days a week, and the workers said that some of the admission price

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These indoor planters look like houses

Tony Reaves was working at a school when they asked if he could fix their 10-year-old 3D printer.

“3D printers always seemed kind of intimidating before that,” he says.

Little did he know that less than two years later he’d have three 3D printers of his own, creating custom casita-shaped planters from his dining room table.

Plant Casitas are made with one of Tony Reaves’ three 3D printers.

“I made it for a design contest on a website — trying to get a free roll of filament,” Reaves says.

Although he didn’t win the contest, a trip to pop culture-themed shop Plantney inspired him to create an Instagram for his indoor plant casitas.

“The first time I visited Plantney, I was just looking around at this totally different kind of store. I grabbed one of their cards that had their Instagram and I thought maybe there’s a market for this kind of thing,” he says. “I just kind of put it out there.”

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He never thought his hobby could turn into a business, but it did. The first casita he sold was of a friend’s house in Maine. Much of his custom work has been of people’s homes here in Tucson.

Plant Casitas is home to 3D-printed casita-shaped planters that come in lots of colors and designs.

Tanna’s Botannas soon reached out, too, asking if Reaves could make plant casitas that look like her shop. The Tucson Botanical Gardens, 2150 N. Alvernon Way, also reached out to Reaves, asking if he’d be interested in selling his casitas in their gift shop. They asked for a wholesale price and he gave them a low number — the folks at the gift shop ended up talking him up in value.

“Once the

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